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Disease Profile

Craniofacial deafness hand syndrome

Prevalence
Prevalence estimates on Rare Medical Network websites are calculated based on data available from numerous sources, including US and European government statistics, the NIH, Orphanet, and published epidemiologic studies. Rare disease population data is recognized to be highly variable, and based on a wide variety of source data and methodologies, so the prevalence data on this site should be assumed to be estimated and cannot be considered to be absolutely correct.
<1 / 1 000 000

< 331

US Estimated

< 514

Europe Estimated

Age of onset

Neonatal

ICD-10

Q87.0

Inheritance

Autosomal dominant A pathogenic variant in only one gene copy in each cell is sufficient to cause an autosomal dominant disease

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Autosomal recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of each gene of the chromosome are needed to cause an autosomal recessive disease and observe the mutant phenotype

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X-linked
dominant X-linked dominant inheritance, sometimes referred to as X-linked dominance, is a mode of genetic inheritance by which a dominant gene is carried on the X chromosome.

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X-linked
recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of a gene on the X chromosome cause an X-linked recessive disorder

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Mitochondrial or multigenic Mitochondrial genetic disorders can be caused by changes (mutations) in either the mitochondrial DNA or nuclear DNA that lead to dysfunction of the mitochondria and inadequate production of energy.

Multigenic or multifactor Inheritance involving many factors, of which at least one is genetic but none is of overwhelming importance, as in the causation of a disease by multiple genetic and environmental factors.

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Not applicable

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Other names (AKA)

CDHS; Features of flat facial profile, hypertelorism, hypoplastic nose with slitlike nares, and a sensorineural hearing loss; Sommer-Young-Wee-Frye syndrome

Categories

Congenital and Genetic Diseases; Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases

Summary

The following summary is from Orphanet, a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.
orphanet

Orpha Number: 1529

Definition
Craniofacial-deafness-hand syndrome (CDHS) is an autosomal dominant disorder, described in one family to date, characterized by characteristic facial features (flat facial profile with normal calvarium, hypertelorism, small downslanting palpebral fissures, hypoplastic nose with button tip and slitlike nares, small ''pursed'' mouth), profound sensorineural deafness, and ulnar deviations and contractures of the hand. CDHS is thought to be an allelic variant of Waardenburg syndrome (see this term) that can be distinguished from the latter by its imaging findings and distinct facial features.

Visit the Orphanet disease page for more resources.

Symptoms

This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.

Medical Terms Other Names
Learn More:
HPO ID
80%-99% of people have these symptoms
Aplasia/Hypoplasia involving the nose
Decreased nasal size
Decreased size of nose

[ more ]

0009924
Blepharophimosis
Narrow opening between the eyelids
0000581
Depressed nasal bridge
Depressed bridge of nose
Flat bridge of nose
Flat nasal bridge
Flat, nasal bridge
Flattened nasal bridge
Low nasal bridge
Low nasal root

[ more ]

0005280
Depressed nasal ridge
Flat nose
Recessed nasal ridge

[ more ]

0000457
Downslanted palpebral fissures
Downward slanting of the opening between the eyelids
0000494
Flat face
Flat facial shape
0012368
Hypertelorism
Wide-set eyes
Widely spaced eyes

[ more ]

0000316
Hypoplasia of the maxilla
Decreased size of maxilla
Decreased size of upper jaw
Maxillary deficiency
Maxillary retrusion
Small maxilla
Small upper jaw
Small upper jaw bones
Upper jaw deficiency
Upper jaw retrusion

[ more ]

0000327
Lacrimal duct atresia
Unopened tear duct
0000564
Narrow face
Decreased breadth of face
Decreased width of face

[ more ]

0000275
Narrow mouth
Small mouth
0000160
Sensorineural hearing impairment
0000407
Short nose
Decreased length of nose
Shortened nose

[ more ]

0003196
Ulnar deviation of finger
Finger bends toward pinky
0009465
Ulnar deviation of the wrist
0003049
30%-79% of people have these symptoms
Camptodactyly of finger
Permanent flexion of the finger
0100490
Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO
Autosomal dominant inheritance
0000006
Malar flattening
Zygomatic flattening
0000272
Ulnar deviation of the hand
0009487
Ulnar deviation of the hand or of fingers of the hand
0001193

Diagnosis

Making a diagnosis for a genetic or rare disease can often be challenging. Healthcare professionals typically look at a person’s medical history, symptoms, physical exam, and laboratory test results in order to make a diagnosis. The following resources provide information relating to diagnosis and testing for this condition. If you have questions about getting a diagnosis, you should contact a healthcare professional.

Testing Resources

  • The Genetic Testing Registry (GTR) provides information about the genetic tests for this condition. The intended audience for the GTR is health care providers and researchers. Patients and consumers with specific questions about a genetic test should contact a health care provider or a genetics professional.

Learn more

These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.

Where to Start

  • Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Craniofacial deafness hand syndrome. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.

In-Depth Information

  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Craniofacial deafness hand syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.